Kalij Pheasan.

Photo Credits: Nitin Desai

Did You Know?

The Nepal Kalij pheasant resembles to the White Crested Kalij pheasant and the Horsfields Kalij pheasant, which has often led to inbreeding between the three in captivity, even if this is usually by accident.


Scientific Name: Lophura leucomelanos

This species is a native of South Asia from northern India to Thailand and was introduced to Hawaii in 1962.



The body is glossy blue-black, though with white rump or underparts in most subspecies.

Females tend to have brownish bodies.

Crest can be white or glossy black depending on the sub-species. Feathers can be tipped with black. Both sexes have a bare red face and grayish legs.

This pheasant has a length which can range from 50 cm to 73 cm while it has a wingspan of no more than 50 cm.


The majority of this birds diet is made up of seeds however it will also feed on leaves, buds and a small


This pheasant lays between 6 and 10 eggs per clutch, which the female will incubate for approximately 25 days, however they have been known to sometimes lay and successfully raise 2 clutches of eggs in a single season.


Even though this bird is fairly common, they prefer to live in areas which are not easily accessible or destroyed by people.

Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion. Hence this species falls under the least concern column.